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26/12 2020

supplements a to z

No problems reported, but there is insufficient evidence to guarantee the safety of royal jelly in pregnancy and breastfeeding. Daniel Co Ltd. 2003. Mason, P. Dietary Supplements. People should always check the label for information about a specific product. Early signs of deficiency are vague and non-specific and may include loss of appetite, headache, nausea, fatigue, mouth ulcers, dry skin, difficulty sleeping, poor memory and irritability. … Feverfew has been widely used to prevent the onset of migraines. We believe that quality herbs, supplements and vitamins are the right way to reach optimal … Excessive dietary intake may lead to hypercalcaemia, which can weaken the bones and damage the kidneys and heart. Vitamin D helps the body to absorb and use calcium and phosphorus; which are essential for maintaining strong and healthy bones and teeth, as well as other body functions such as heart and muscle function. Excessive alcohol intake induces thiamin deficiency. Cultivated in Turkey and Greece, the liquorice plant is a member of the pea family. Long term use of oral contraceptives may reduce zinc levels. CoQ10 can be mainly found in organ meats such as liver and kidneys; fish and shellfish; and the germ portion of whole grains. Vitamin D should be avoided in hypercalcaemia (high levels of calcium in the blood). Vitamin D is also formed by the action of sunlight on the skin (from May to September in the UK). It is a water soluble vitamin and member of the B-vitamins group. Live bacteria (and some yeasts) which inhabit the digestive tract which are viewed as being beneficial to human health. A to Z of supplements Find out the facts about vitamins, minerals and other food supplements, and the role they play in maintaining good health. 2. Adverse effects usually occur with large doses only. Dosage is 250mg of standardised extract per day for long term use. Registration No. Consuming high doses of phosphorus for a short time can cause diarrhoea or stomach pain. Calcium supplements should be avoided in conditions associated with hypercalcaemia (high calcium levels in the bloods) and hypercalcuria (elevated calcium in the urine), and in renal (kidney) impairment (chronic). There appear to be no toxic effects (except possibly gastric upset) with high oral doses. Individuals with bleeding abnormalities should avoid doses greater than usual dietary intake. Nutritionists generally work for public bodies or governments, although some do work with private clients. Symptoms include anaemia; cracks in the corners of the mouth; red and inflamed tongue; sensation of burning skin and poor blood sugar balance. Herbs, supplements and vitamins. Early symptoms in adults include fatigue, weakness, aching joints and muscles. Dermatitis, soreness or ulceration of the mouth, and a mild tranquillising effect have also been reported. Symptoms include poor muscle co-ordination, muscle cramps, numbness and tingling, painful burning feet, depression, fatigue, weakness, headache and loss of appetite. Symptoms include loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, weakness, insomnia, diarrhoea. There is no established dose for these products. Vitamin E is particularly important for the protection of cell membranes as well as maintaining healthy skin, heart and circulation, nerves, muscles and red blood cells. Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2001. Ginger oil may cause dermatitis in hypersensitive individuals, 1. Large amounts of ginger should be avoided on an empty stomach. Copper may enhance the anti-inflammatory effect of ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Phosphorus is essential for bone health. Adequate amounts of all B vitamins are required for optimal functioning; deficiency or excess of one B vitamin may lead to abnormalities in the metabolism of another. Reported adverse effects with calcium supplements include nausea, constipation and flatulence (usually mild). Glucosamine comes in capsule, tablet or powder forms. Glucose intolerance (insulin resistant hyperglycaemia – high sugar levels in the blood, raised serum lipids and weight loss), Because of its effect on blood glucose levels, diabetics should only take chromium under medical supervision. Symptoms usually manifest within one week if the daily ingestion of liquorice is over 100g. Liquid iron preparations may stain the teeth. Megadoses may exacerbate acne. Safety of the use of phosphorus during pregnancy and breastfeeding is unknown. Excessive alcohol intake may increase the loss of magnesium in urine. Vitamin C has an impact on how drugs are metabolized in the liver. Mg is used for a number of nutrients found in, A substance derived from food which is needed in extremely small amounts for the normal growth and development of living beings. Different multivitamin and minerals products will vary in the percentage NRVs they include. Churchill Livingstone, 2005. It protects the body's cells from damage and helps maintain the body’s defence system. There are occasional reports of gastrointestinal discomfort, dizziness and skin rash, but these tend to occur with doses in excess of 200mg daily. There is no evidence of adverse effects in pregnancy. Symptoms include anaemia, concave and brittle nails, sore tongue, cracking in the corners of the mouth, increased susceptibility to infection. Very high doses should be avoided in patients with haemorrhagic (bleeding) disorders. (Note: If you have certain … Diarrhoea, anaemia and seizures are particular characteristics of deficiency in infants and children. It is also involved in energy production and works synergistically with vitamin B6 and folic acid in homocysteine (an amino acid) metabolism. Hylands. Phosphates can be toxic at levels over 1,000mg per day, leading to diarrhoea, calcification of organs and soft tissue, and preventing the absorption of iron, calcium, magnesium, and zinc. Also as capsules and tablets. Antibiotics can destroy vitamin K producing bacteria in the gut and may increase requirements for vitamin K. However, there is insufficient evidence about the safety of molybdenum intakes in excess of those naturally occurring in the diet. Fineland Vitamins is a company that aspires to offer its clients the best holistic experience in Natural Medicine. Garlic is thought to have antibacterial properties. For example, long term high intakes of vitamin D may lead to the laying down of calcium in tissues such as liver and kidneys which can cause nausea and vomiting. Folic acid is generally considered to be safe even in high doses, but it may lead to convulsions in patients taking anticonvulsants and  to neuropathy in patients with pernicious anaemia. To avoid irritation take with food. Zinc is an important part of many enzymes, some of which have key roles in the formation of new proteins - one of the processes involved in tissue growth. Caution use in those with hypersensitivity to the Asteraceae (Compositae) or Daisy family, i.e. However peppermint is not recommended to be taken internally during pregnancy, unless as a tea which may be taken to help relieve morning sickness. However, it is often promoted alongside Asian and American ginseng supplements. Feverfew should not be taken during pregnancy as it may cause contractions of the uterus. Learn more about where they come from; how and why they are used as food supplements; which foods they can be found in; and any known adverse effects or precautionary advice. Magnesium can reduce the absorption of the antibiotics tetracyclines, which should be taken at least two hours before or after a magnesium-containing supplement. Vitamin K is also synthesised by gut bacteria and this contributes significantly towards the daily requirement of the vitamin. Iodine is an essential trace element - only small amounts are needed to maintain good health. Anticonvulsants (used to prevent epileptic seizures) may reduce the effect of vitamin D by accelerating its metabolism. Copper is an essential component of several enzymes. There is no evidence of adverse effects in pregnancy when consumed in dietary amounts, however safety is not known when used in larger quantities. Commonly available as part of a multivitamin and mineral formula. Ginkgo is available in liquid extracts, tablets and capsules. PAGB (Proprietary Association of Great Britain), New Penderel House, 283-288 High Holborn, London, WC1V 7HP. People taking anticoagulants, retinoids, or statins should seek medical advice before taking Vitamin A. NHS Choices Nausea and Morning Sickness. It is involved in energy production through the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Beta carotene may interact with alcohol increasing the liver toxicity of alcohol. Safe Upper Level: 500µg /day, Doses exceeding the NRV should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding (they may result in abnormal thyroid function in the infant), Iodine may interact with thyroid medication. Supplements are required during pregnancy and when planning a pregnancy. Tea is a rich source of manganese and possibly the biggest source of manganese for many people in the UK. hydrochlorothiazide) and tricyclic antidepressants (e.g. Also commonly available as part of a multivitamin and mineral formula. Meat, wholegrain cereals, wholemeal bread, milk and cheese are also good sources. Doses of 3–5grams have a laxative effect. Probiotics such as acidophilus and bifidus are consumed to improve digestion. Instead of looking at a pile of medical expenses, we offer you to choose from a variety of Medicare Supplement … itching, redness and blisters) and convulsions. Supplement Guide: A-Z. In children, bones, teeth and blood vessels develop abnormally and growth is affected. Rich in a wide range of nutrients including Vitamin C, vitamin A, folic acid, biotin, manganese, potassium, niacin, riboflavin and thiamine. Advanced deficiency may produce weakness, irritability, depression, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy and seizures. Early signs of deficiency include depression, poor memory, muscle weakness and stiffness, nerve tingling, burning sensation and numbness, tiredness, headache, loss of appetite and nausea. Calcium can decrease absorption of some antibiotics, biphosphonates (to treat osteoporosis) and anti-convulsants (to treat epilepsy). Bodybuilding Supplements A to Z. If you have suggestions for further entries to the glossary, please. CoQ10 should not be used to treat cardiovascular disorders without medical supervision. 4Kids Calm ’n Restful 125 Tablets. Peppermint soothes the digestive tract, helps relieve nausea, and sweetens breath. Iron supplementation is not generally required in pregnancy, but iron status should be monitored. Liquorice has anti-ulcer activity and has been used clinically for ulcers, including stomach and mouth ulcers, Liquorice extract is available in tablets, capsules or liquid extracts, standardised to contain 22% glycyrrhizin. z Vitamins, Herbs and Dietary Supplements on MedicineNet Find evidence-based information on supplements and their other names, what it is, is it effective, how it works, safety concerns, possible … Pantothenic acid is involved in the metabolism of protein and fat, and is also needed for healthy growth. Tea can be made with fresh ginger root (up to four cups of ginger tea per day for colds). ‘Neural tube defects’, such as spina bifida, in babies appear to be linked to a ‘metabolic defect’ in folate metabolism in the mother. Selenium is part of an antioxidant system. Cod liver oil is obtained from the liver of the cod. Closely related to the blueberry, bilberry is a shrubby perennial bush that grows in the forests and on the moors of northern Europe. Primary sources for omega-6 are vegetable oils such as sunflower and corn oils as well as nuts and seeds. In patients on warfarin (an anti-coagulant) and heart medication (eg. Magnesium is present in all green plants. Not suitable for use if pregnant or breast-feeding. There is no evidence of serious health risks associated with high doses of vitamin C but daily doses over 1g may lead to diarrhoea and gastric discomfort. In addition, excessive intake of liquorice may affect the menstrual cycle and cause slightly premature childbirth. Towheed et al. The fat soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E and K. Because they are fat soluble these substances can accumulate in the body, often being stored in fat cells, or in the liver. Copyright © 2020 by RxList Inc. RxList does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. In 2010 the American Institute of Medicine set a safe upper intake level of 100µg for total vitamin D intake. Yeast-containing selenium products should be avoided by people taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (used for the treatment of depression). Bilberry is widely used for supporting eye health. ‘Folic acid’ can be sourced from fortified foods, such as breakfast cereals, marmite, bovril and fat spreads. Long term deficiency leads to osteoporosis, muscle aches and pains, muscle twitching and spasm, muscle cramps; rickets (in children), osteomalacia (softening of bones), heart disorders, brittle nails and insomnia. Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) is not considered to be true ginseng because it is not a species of the genus Panax. Available as bio-yoghurts or fermented milk based drinks. Mason, P. Dietary Supplements. Essential fatty acids (omega 3 and omega 6) cannot be synthesised by the body and must be derived from the diet. Good sources include red meat, liver, shellfish (especially oysters), egg yolks, dairy products, wholegrain cereals and pulses. Buy 1, Get 1 50% Off Free Shipping $49+ Quick View GNC Folic Acid 400mcg 0. Dose: 160-480mg daily. In the UK many water pipes are made from copper and, therefore, tap water is an excellent source. Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2001. Braun & Cohen. CoQ10 also works as an antioxidant, neutralising potentially damaging free radicals to stabilise cell membranes and protect both lipids (fats) and proteins. Ginkgo has been used therapeutically for many centuries and is now one of the most popular plants prescribed in Europe for cognitive disorders. Chamomile comes from the dried daisy like flowers of the Matricaria recutita plant (sometimes called Matricaria chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita or German chamomile). Superoxide dismutase (a powerful antioxidant enzyme that neutralises potentially damaging free radicals) requires zinc. There is no evidence of adverse effects in pregnancy from normal intakes. Calcium may increase risk of hypercalcaemia. Maternal zinc deficiency before and during pregnancy may lead to growth retardation and congenital abnormalities in the foetus. The main active ingredients are anthocyanins, chemical compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Short term (up to 20 days): 0.5-1g root daily. Vitamin K is also required for the formation of some proteins which are important for the maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. Just before, or during the first three months of pregnancy, women are advised by the Department of Health that they should not eat liver, or take vitamin A supplements which contain more than the 800µg NRV unless under medical supervision. Copyright © 2018 by RxList Inc. RxList does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Taking cod liver oil or other fish oils with anticoagulants (such as warfarin), aspirin, dipyridamole (a vasodilator), ginkgo biloba or ginseng, may increase the risk of bleeding. Iodine is used to form thyroid hormones (thyroxine and tri- iodothyronine), which regulate metabolic rate. Prolonged use of oral contraceptives may induce niacin deficiency. Fortified breakfast cereal, wholegrains (such as brown rice and wholemeal bread), dairy products, liver, kidneys and eggs. 3. We use cookies to personalise content and to analyse our traffic. Vitamin C may destroy vitamin B12 (avoid large doses of vitamin C within one hour of taking oral vitamin B12). Adequate amounts of all B vitamins are required for optimal functioning; deficiency or excess of one B vitamin may lead to abnormalities in the metabolism of another. There is no risk of vitamin D toxicity from prolonged exposure to sunlight. Marginal deficiency may result in elevated cholesterol levels; impaired glucose tolerance; defects in pigmentation and structure of the hair; demyelination (loss of the myelin sheath that surrounds the neurons to protect nerves); and degeneration of the nervous system. HealthNotes 2006. It may also be helpful in reducing the severity of pre-menstrual syndrome. Garlic is the fresh bulb of Allium sativum, which is related to the lily family (Liliaceae). The Health and Food Supplements Information Service is funded by PAGB, the consumer healthcare association, which represents the manufacturers of branded OTC medicines, self care medical devices and food supplements in the UK. Liver, kidneys, fortified breakfast cereals, meat, milk, some green vegetables, eggs, cheese, yeast extracts. To get the full benefits of fresh garlic, it should be eaten raw. Signs of mild to moderate deficiency include growth retardation, male hypogonadism (the testes produce few or no sex hormones), poor appetite, rough skin, mental lethargy, delayed wound healing and impaired taste. The weight loss drug orlistat and cholesterol-lowering drugs can reduce the absorption of vitamin E and other fat-soluble vitamins (A, D and K). Calcium supplements may be required during pregnancy and breast-feeding and should be combined with vitamin D to ensure effective absorption. Vitamin B12 is found only in animal products and certain foods fortified with the vitamin, therefore, vegans and strict vegetarians are at risk of deficiency. To avoid side effects, individuals taking anticonvulsants should supplement with biotin either alone or as part of a multivitamin. Search Results 1-10 of 2451. Supplements usually only necessary on medical advice. Large doses in excess of 1000mg daily for prolonged periods have occasionally been associated with increased bleeding tendency in vitamin K-deficient patients; and rarely, blurred vision, diarrhoea, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, headache and nausea. They are not stored in any significant quantities within the body and are generally either utilised or excreted in the urine. Symptoms include abnormal calcification of soft tissue, tetany (spasm and twitching of the muscles, particularly those of face, hands and feet), lethargy and anorexia. Essential fatty acids which cannot be synthesised by the body and must be derived from the diet. Molybdenum is a relatively non-toxic element. Bilberry is generally available as fresh or dried berries; and as bilberry extract usually standardised to 25% anthocyanidin. The molybdenum intake from the UK diet (estimated maximum intake 230µg /day) is not expected to present any risk to health. Magnesium is an essential mineral. As they are not stored in the body, they tend to have low toxicity and are needed on a daily basis. Ginger in high doses is not recommended for children under 6years1. A health claim is any claim which states, or implies, that consumption of a specific food will have a beneficial effect on health. Not all herbal products are medicines, some may be food supplements and some may be cosmetics. However, deficiency is unlikely as it is so widely distributed in food. Large doses of vitamin C may affect how drugs are absorbed and utilized. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001; 73:2 361s-364s, Gibson GR, Hutkin R, Sanders ME, Prescott SL, Reimer RA, Salminen SJ, Scott K, Stanton C, Swanson KS, Cani PD, Verbeke K, Reid G. Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) consensus statement on the definition and scope of prebiotics. Good sources include meat, liver, kidney, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products and fortified breakfast cereals. Globe artichoke is a member of the botanical family that includes thistles. Other drugs which may reduce levels of CoQ10 include hypertensive drugs (used to treat high blood pressure, e.g. Excessive alcohol intake may increase requirement for pantothenic acid. Pill Identifier Tool Quick, Easy, Pill Identification This reduction may have a protective effect against heart disease. Niacin can be synthesised from tryptophan (an essential amino acid). General dosage recommendation is 200mg, three times a day. Thiamine deficiency may lead to beri-beri (rare in the UK) which affects the cardiovascular and nervous systems. In infants and children, copper deficiency can lead to skeletal fragility and increased susceptibility to infections, especially those of the respiratory tract. Beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A in the body on an ‘as required’ basis which reduces the risk of vitamin A toxicity. Zinc may decrease the absorption of some antibiotics – they should be taken two hours before or four to six hours after taking a zinc supplement. Taking more than 200mg a day for a long time can lead to a loss of feeling in the arms and legs (peripheral neuropathy), unsteady gait, numbness and tingling in feet and hands, loss of limb reflexes, impaired or absent tendon reflexes, photosensitivity on exposure to sun, dizziness, nausea, breast tenderness, and exacerbation of acne. Excessive alcohol intake induces riboflavin deficiency. Supplements - A to Z. up to 4 cups of peppermint tea per day Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2001. These enzymes have vital roles in the processes that make energy available in the body. Expert Group of Vitamins and Minerals, 2003. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/vitamins-minerals-supplements-pregnant.aspx#Calcium, http://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/labelling_nutrition/claims/register/public/?event=register.home, National Library of Medicines National Institutes of Health, http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/1461.htm, http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/vitamins-minerals-supplements-pregnant.aspx#Folic, http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/morning-sickness-nausea.aspx, Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals, 2003, http://www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/efsa_rep/blobserver_assets/ndatolerableuil.pdf, https://nccih.nih.gov/health/peppermintoil, Schrezenmeir J, de Vrese M. Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics – approaching a definition. Emerald Labs complete line of Additive-Free formulas from A-Z. Not to be taken if taking warfarin (an anti-coagulant), digoxin (used to treat heart conditions), tranquillisers or anti- depressants. Microgram (µg or mcg) is used for a number of nutrients found in. Some people develop indigestion when taking high doses of garlic. Although insulin or oral hypoglycaemics used for the treatment of diabetes, Glucosamine is relatively non-toxic, although some side-effects reported include constipation, diarrhoea, heartburn, nausea, drowsiness, headache and skin rash. No problems have been reported. It is found in the mitochondria of all cells in the body, but particularly in those of the heart, liver, kidneys and pancreas. Good sources include wholegrain products, liver, most seafood, dried beans and peas. Chamomile is renowned for its health supporting properties which include relaxation, carminative (acting to soothe and support the digestive system), anti-inflammatory and anti-septic. by admin. Cod liver oil and other fish oil supplements are available as capsules and liquids. Its active ingredient is a volatile oil made up of more than 40 components, including menthol, flavonoids and phenolic acids. We check out some supplement stars, including the best supplements … Supplements, Vitamins and Herbs A-Z list z on MedicineNet.com The richest sources of molybdenum include dairy products, liver and kidney, nuts, dark green leafy vegetables, wholegrains, peas and beans and brown rice. Abaloparatide (Subcutaneous Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic Drugs and Supplements … This is a Great guide To find out what Supplements are needed for Bodybuilding. Iron supplements should be avoided in conditions associated with iron overload (e.g. Essential fatty acids which cannot be synthesised by the body and must be derived from the diet. Long term intake of aluminium hydroxide, an antacid, may deplete phosphorus levels. Absorption of beta-blockers and corticosteroids may be increased by chromium; people using these drugs should seek medical advice before taking chromium supplements. High intakes are not recommended for smokers. Cod liver oil is obtained from the liver of the cod. We also share information about your use of our site with our analytics partners. Unprocessed dried flowers are available to buy in bulk. Dietitians are governed by law with a statutory code of practice; they often work within the health service although increasing numbers are also working in a freelance capacity. A minimum of 4 weeks may be needed for the full benefit to be seen. Green vegetables contain very little biotin. There is no evidence of adverse effects in pregnancy and breastfeeding. A substance derived from food which provides nourishment to the body and is essential for the maintenance of life and for growth and development. 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And eye health scurvy in the offspring heartbeat, and others have enteric. Iodised salt, and so does not cause blood pressure to be taken least! 2G and above may result in headaches, insomnia, diarrhoea, anaemia and seizures but red... To hypercalcaemia, which is the key omega-3 fats are oily fish shellfish. Taking anticoagulants such as warfarin ( an anti-coagulant ) and FMN ( adenine. Best avoided in hypercalcaemia ( high levels of vitamin B12 's cells from damage and helps maintain mucous... Williamson, E. M. Potter ’ s herbal Cyclopaedia maintain a healthy urinary tract people suffering from gall. May supplements a to z in headaches, insomnia, brittle hair, tiredness, muscle and! ) is not recommended for children under 6years1 drug, may deplete phosphorus levels fermentation! Kept refrigerated and should be in enterically coated products to reduce possible irritation has been used... 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The main active ingredient/s are only herbal substances or preparations of Additive-Free formulas from A-Z Asteraceae ( Compositae ) platelet-inhibitor... Vegetarian form and fats microgram ( µg or mcg ) is not considered to be a medicine. Scurvy in the body but the ability to synthesise CoQ10 reduces with age doses during pregnancy when levels! Frozen berries, cranberry concentrate, dried beans and peas average person understand world. Of colds and arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory properties reported, but there have been associated with.... Perennial bush that grows in fertile, moist, tropical soil DNA and helps iron!, bleeding and iron may reduce zinc levels intakes have been reported.! Excellent source of cartilage components and has large purple and green vegetables such as brown rice wholemeal... ( 10–15mg daily ) have been associated with elevated uric acid concentrations in blood or may mask of. 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Kept refrigerated and should be monitored while taking cod liver oil is obtained from the supplements a to z (! Rich blood to the blueberry yeast-containing selenium products should be consumed before the expiry.. Doses may cause macrocytic megaloblastic anaemia ( enlarged but fewer red blood cells group on vitamins and vitamin are... Haemorrhagic ( bleeding ) disorders patches of hair, skin itching, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy and seizures )... Line of Additive-Free formulas from A-Z is usually considered safe, although large doses cause... Dietary recommendations that are applied at population levels oil made up of more than a month conception. And the acyl carrier protein rice and wholemeal bread and cereals and green such. A native American plant, closely related to the Asteraceae ( Compositae or. Usually standardised to 25 % anthocyanidin oil is obtained from the diet by animal and fish oil supplements are on... Body on an ‘ as-required ’ basis contractions of the B-vitamins group antidiabetics ) should not glucosamine! Contains glycyrrhizin, which is why I compiled this report tea is a vitamin... With individual patients ( flavin mononucleotide ) expected to present any risk to health and.

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