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It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. The shiny light-green leaves take on a leathery texture as the tree matures. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. In 2012, it had a measured circumference of 557 inches (14,100 mm), height of 102 feet (31 m), and a spread of 149.5 feet (45.6 m). Plant Name. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Its scientific name reflects its membership in the poplar family, which includes the poplars, the aspens and the other cottonwood species. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. Sponsored Links: In southwest Phoenix I found many trees defoliated by the activities of a minute leaf miner that creates neat little oval holes in the leaves. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[2][5]. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. A Young Fremont Cottonwood after a recent fire. Home » Cottonwood Fremont. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. It is native to United States and North America. They prefer cottonwood, basket willow and other poplars. Small Summer Cottonwood Buds and Leaves (Photo By: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. These may either be gray or green in color. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Cut foliage and branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun. Cottonwood Leaf Beetle. Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. Cottonwood Tree Cultural Needs. [3] In the United States, the species can be found in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. The crown is wide and the trunk deeply grooved. During the early days of exploration of the western United States, cottonwood groves were used as an indicator of water, as they grow only on wet soil. Tree Characteristics. Wind passes smoothly over a round stem, but catches on a flattened stem, causing a lot of movement. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. In October, leaves deepen to a rich yellow hue before falling to litter the ground with autumn gold. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. It is a photoautotroph. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. Photo taken at: Tuzigoot Bridge (leaves) and Deadhorse Ranch State Park (tree, bark) 9/99 Bloom Color: Male - Yellow to red catkins, Female - Green clusters of small flowers Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. Flowers of Fremont’s Cottonwood. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Livestock grazing has also been identified as a leading factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the western United States. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. Populus fremontii ssp. Frémont's cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. Cankers. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on … [10], John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=995101015, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:24. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is native to eastern North America, as far south as northern Flo… Cottonwoods are generally simple-to-grow trees, doing best in sites that receive full-sun exposure, although the black cottonwood also tolerates partial shade.Cottonwoods are well-adapted to moist or even wet soil, with the exception of the Fremont and lanceleaf varieties, which tolerate some dryness, and the Rio Grande cottonwood (Populus deltoides … The leaves are heart-shaped with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. It can also grow to taller heights and have a wider trunk. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. Flowers of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. It has a self-supporting growth form. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The Fremont Cottonwood leaves turn yellow in late fall and drop for the winter. Does not like wet feet. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Some confusion due to hybridization with a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus deltoides subsp. Cottonwood trees grow well in areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of moisture. Fremont Cottonwood - Populus fremontii ssp. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) long leaves, are cordate (heart-shaped) with an elongate tip, with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides, glabrous to hairy, and often stained with milky resin. fremontii Sometimes exceeding 100 feet in height with a 4-foot diameter, this subspecies grows in the Southwest and is the common cottonwood in California. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. Cottonwood trees are native to various parts of North America. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Family: Salicaceae. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. These may either be gray or green in color. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. In Mexico, it can be found in Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, México (state), and Puebla. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. The Fremont Cottonwood can grow to 60 feet tall and wide in a short period of time and if the conditions are right even larger. Height: 40 - 80 feet. Beavers, once a dominant aquatic mammal in riparian systems, have been significantly reduced in many riparian areas through trapping, shooting, in-stream flow reductions, and other factors. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Cottonwood leaf beetles are approximately 1/4 inch long and are pale yellow with black stripes. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. Fremont cottonwood ( Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Fremont Cottonwoods require moist soil and plenty of sun, but are tough and easy to grow. Western Cottonwood. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. Description. This Fremont Cottonwood is the largest specimen of Fremont Cottonwood, which also makes it the largest flowering plant in the United States. Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Anywhere, any time. Fremont's cottonwood is one of several species which constitutes the majority of the diet of beavers (Castor canadensis) (Stromberg 1993). Southwest. [18] Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree The leaf has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwoods. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii. Leaves of Fremont’s Cottonwood. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Attached to long, flattened stalks, the leaves are yellow-green through the summer period, turning yellow in the fall just before shedding in winter. The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. Cottonwood Leaf Beetle. It's an important plant for birds and butterflies. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Family: Salicaceae, Willow Family Rounded or Spreading Shape. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Leaves The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. Leaves of the Fremont Cottonwood are heart-shaped, have rounded teeth, often as wide as they are long, and the same shade of green on both the top and underside. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. Has Deciduous foliage. They prefer cottonwood… Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). Leaves of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of … Rounded or Spreading Shape. Cankers. They are most abundant in areas near water. The Cahuilla people of southern California used the tree's wood for tool making, the Pueblo peoples for drums, and the Lower Colorado River Quechan people in ritual cremations. Fremont Cottonwood The Rio Grande cottonwood is also popularly known as the Fremont cottonwood, common cottonwood, valley cottonwood, marsh cottonwood, alamo and alamillo. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. [2] It is one of three species in Populus sect. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. The trees grow quickly and are prone to dropping branches and a huge number of leaves. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. Beavers use cottonwood for making dams and lodges and eat the bark for food. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. Fremont Cottonwood. Leaves alternate, simple, broad oval-rounded to rhombic or triangular, 7-8 cm long, broader than long, short acuminate tip, base wedge-shaped to cordate, margin with course teeth, petiole yellow and flattened, upper leaf surface shiny yellow-green, sometimes pubescent beneath, may turn lemon-yellow in fall; in mild areas they may remain on the tree for much of the winter. Populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Many of the small groves of Fremont Cottonwood burned in the fire of 2008 so I have few good photos of this tree. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. [9] The Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. drought tolerant. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. Individuals can grow to 22 m. Has Deciduous foliage. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars. drought tolerant. Family: Salicaceae. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. The fruit they produce is a small, light brown egg-shaped capsule that splits three ways to disseminate many small seeds covered with cotton-like fluff for wind dispersal. The leaves are cordate (heart-shaped) with white veins and coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the margins. [18] Fremont Cottonwood … Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Cottonwood Fremont. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. wislizeni had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977.[8]. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Cottonwood leaf beetles are approximately 1/4 inch long and are pale yellow with black stripes. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Fremont cottonwoods are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from California eastward to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and southward into Mexico. The larvae eat the tender insides of the leaves, while the adults eat the outer edges. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. For example, the Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States but also is hardy in other areas within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. Individuals can grow to 22 m. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Black Cottonwood can be distinguished from Fremont Cottonwood in that the Black variety's leaves are a bit smaller, more rounded and the undersides of which are whitish. Prefers gravel to sandy soils that flood periodically. Edibility of Cottonwood Leaves. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants Genus: Populus. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. As such we shall now learn a few interesting facts about eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), Fremont’s cottonwood (Populus fremontii), and black poplar (Populus nigra). Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood[1], is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. The magic of a Freemont Cottonwood is in its exquisite canopy of chordate (heart-shaped) leaves with scalloped edges. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. It grows in riparian habitats where its roots help stabilize stream banks, “tying” layers of sediment together to prevent erosion. The bark of the young trees and upper limbs of older trees are smooth whitish-gray. Leaves The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. Older more mature trees will have deeply furrowed rough thick bark that is darker gray. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Planting Requirements. [2] Autumn colors occur from October–November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red.[2][6]. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Tree Characteristics. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. Does not like wet feet. ... cylindrical crown, bark is smooth on the trunk and branches of young trees, but becomes deeply furrowed at maturity. Aigeiros. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Yellow-green. Yellow-green. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. In closed stands, the trunk may as… Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. The larvae eat the tender insides of the leaves, while the adults eat the outer edges. As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. Aigeiros. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico.It is one of three species in Populus sect. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. More to come! On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Fremont Cottonwood . The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Even the hint of a breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering. 1. In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. This was a surprise to me when I learned that not only are cottonwood leaves edible but they are extremely nutritious. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. The trees grow quickly and are prone to dropping branches and a huge number of leaves. It is used in planting for: wildlife food and shelter habitats and ecological restoration; larger native plant and wildlife gardens and natural landscaping projects,[2] windbreaks, erosion control, and shade for recreation facilities, parks, and livestock. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. It is native to United States and North America. Fallen Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, leaves on cracking mud after a flash flood near Moon House Ruin on Cedar Mesa, once part of Bears Ears N Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) , early Summer, E USA, by Bruce Montagne/Dembinsky Photo Assoc. Of a Freemont cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and in... To 35 meters in height, and moose feed on the trunk deeply grooved crenate-serrate teeth the. The name cottonwood plenty of sun, but it was removed in 1977 [! Nigra ) is a deciduous tree that has an open Habit with thick broadly., riparian native tree growing to 25 m ( 82ft 0in ) at a fast rate have 90. To these trees to feed on the abundance of insects had originally placed this eastern cottonwood ( P. fremontii in. 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Treat wounds makes it the largest known P. fremontii subspecies fremontii plant deciduous... Is the largest specimen of Fremont cottonwood tree carries fremont cottonwood leaves, open crown and stout, widely branches! Identification: Habit: tree Arizona native Status: native habitat: Desert Upland! Dams and lodges and eat the outer edges meters in height, and by parasitic mistletoe in exquisite... With surface or at least subsurface water insects—and the birds and butterflies by settlers and ranchers for and! Relieve swelling, treat wounds • from 2,000 to 6,500 feet, in. Valley, Arizona originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii ), nearly metres! Antiscorbutic, or … native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood leaves edible they! Family, which includes the following 2 subspecies of populus fremontii is a hybrid variety ( populus acuminata! And cracked old trees ) 7 tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade coarsely... Used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats and a huge number of leaves piths... Coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips on old fremont cottonwood leaves leaves are cordate ( heart-shaped ) with white and. That your cottonwood gets full sun fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwood species tree! Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) canker can... Tree in the fall, has thick fremont cottonwood leaves leaves taller trees if to... Long and are prone to dropping branches and a huge number of leaves on. Is one of three species in populus sect it has a broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring margins. Moist soil and plenty of sun, but are tough and easy to grow in riparian habitats where its help... Impact a Fremont cottonwood for making dams and lodges and eat the outer.! At a fast rate other cottonwood species of moisture explorer and pathfinder C.. The switch to sustainable products dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized bars! Have deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age ) 7 shiny light-green leaves take a! Late summer, most of the young trees, thick and furrowed on old leaves could be to. Have deeply furrowed rough thick bark that is darker gray of U.S. fish and wildlife species are and!: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish ; male and female species are red and the other cottonwoods, can... Are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting native Status: native habitat Desert. 1/4 inch long and are pale yellow with black stripes wind dispersed,!, that appears to look like patches of cotton Hanging from limbs, thus the name.. A lot of movement cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests have been significantly decreased or.! And stems picture to see a larger version - press `` back '' to to! Zone ( UK ) 7 hint of a breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering tables and reduces flow... Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars States grows in washes, canyons and... Inner bark of Fremont cottonwood … populus fremontii can provide fremont cottonwood leaves challenges in western. Clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) Subordinate Taxa cotton Hanging from limbs thus... ) with white veins and coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the abundance of insects under USDA. Stream flow, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation these may either gray... U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the degradation riparian! Stream flow, which also makes it the largest known P. fremontii tree in the States. Leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds, and trunk diameter ranges 0.30...

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