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18. The multi-purpose schools should be opened near the industrial institutions. (ii) Normally, in designing buildings for schools, care should be taken to see that an area of not less than 10 sq. The movement of examination reform that started after the publication of the report does not seem to have the desired impact on objectives, learning experiences and evaluation procedures in school education. So he should have the spirit of co-operation, discipline, humility, love, kindness and the feeling of brotherhood. Study of religious is lost sight of. They examined the issues one by one. 12. The Commission has suggested that for junior classes at least higher secondary school and for senior classes at least graduate teachers should be appointed. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. The defects of secondary education have been pointed out by a number of commissions. Training institutions should be in close with the Department of Education and the schools. Pension- Cum-Provident Fund-Cum-insurance scheme should be introduced in all States. The Commission has recommended that the secondary education should be for children between 11 to 17 years of age. 3. The second part deals with problems of agricultural, vocational, technical and engineering education, and those of science education and research and of adult education. It would be unrealistic to think of providing qualified counselors to all schools. This is useful not only for the individual but also for the nation. 7. Some of the problems relating to higher education are those that are connected with the establishment of major universities, programmes of qualitative improvement, enrolment and university governance. The Secondary Education Commission (1952-53) devoted a whole chapter to surveying the limitations of the present examination system and suggesting ways of improvement. (vi) A Central Research organisation may be established for carrying out research in educational guidance and for the preparation of tests with particular reference to Indian conditions and the needs of pupils. The number of pupils in each class in most of the secondary schools is too great. The movement of examination reform that started after the publication of the report does not seem to have the desired impact on objectives, learning experiences and evaluation procedures in school education. In order to meet the shortage of women teachers, special part-time training courses should be provided. The Commission has suggested the following changes in the secondary school curriculum: 1. There is paucity of funds. The Secondary Education Commission appointed by the Government of India in terms of their Resolution No. 2. This hall should be decorated with pictures of great national leaders of different walks of life. The retirement age for teachers should be 60 years. 7. 2. I. 3. 5. (v) The school should assist, where possible, in the maintenance of sanitation of the area. It contains recommendations on all aspects of education. All the students should be medically examined at least twice a year. Text Books 4. It should be reorganized keeping in view the demands of the times and those of the country. What were the Recommendations of Hunter Commission on Secondary Education? Stages are related to school and universe education and sectors are concerned with agricultural, technical and vocational education. No efforts are made to cultivate interests, attitudes and values for a socialistic society. 3. • To understand the role of educational agencies at the national and state level. (ii) A number of residential schools should be established more particularly in certain rural areas to provide greater opportunities for teacher–pupil contact and for development recreational and extra-curricular activities. 4. There is little scope for diversification of studies. Such instruction should be confined to the children of the particular faith concerned and be given with the consent of parents and the management. 2. The Commission has suggested that at the secondary stage a student should learn at least three languages, the national language, the mother tongue or the regional language and a foreign language. The Report is a serious attempt, because whatever suggestions °r recommendations it presents are practical and can be implemented. Download All Lessons of History East Africa UShs 50,000; DOWNLOAD ALL LESSONS OF OPERATING SYSTEMS PART ONE UShs 20,000; … The First Service Attempt to Review all Aspects of Education. 16. The evils of examination system are known to everybody. PublishYourArticles.net - Publish Your Articles Now, Copyright infringement takedown notification template. IX. Content Guidelines 2. 3. To achieve this goal, the Secondary Education Commission recommended for fostering the dignity of manual labour and for the promotion of technical skills for the advancement of industry and technology through secondary education. In big cities ‘technical area’ should be established on the demands of the local public. Israel Somen Here are some co-opted members in the commission 1. David N. Michuki 5. The number of external examinations should be reduced. 5. This was the sixth commission in the history of education commission and was most comprehensive in nature. Image Source: a.fastcompany.net/multisite_files/coexist/imagecache/1280/poster/2013/07/1682544-poster-1280-immigration.jpg. (iv) There should be a Board of Secondary Education consisting of not more than 25 members with the Director of Education as its chairman. K. Ndile 6. Religious instruction in schools may be given only on a voluntary basic and after the regular school hours. While describing the national spirit the Commission has sub-divided it into three parts: (a) In the first part the Commission has explained the concept of national feeling. (i) The methods of teaching aim at inculcating desirable values and proper attitudes habits of work in the students besides imparting knowledge. Cramming should be discouraged and rational understanding should be encouraged. The senior intermediate class (XIIth class) should be combined with the degree class and the junior intermediate class (XIth class) with the high school class. The objectives of the Mudaliar Commission in recommending variety of courses for secondary schools was to help the all round development of our students’ personalities. The Secondary Education Board should be organised under the chairmanship of Education Director who should arrange for secondary education in his State. The Commission has further suggested that the text-book once chosen should not be changed soon. They should be given knowledge of health principles also. Therefore, for raising the character of the nation the character of the students should be well formed. The aims are: 1. These defects have been pointed out, time and again, by committees and commissions. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the four main aims of the secondary education commission. Secondary Education Commission (1952-53) March 6, 2020 by physicscatalyst 3 Comments This article on the Secondary Education Commission is part of a series of articles for Contemporary India and Education B.Ed. Objectives. Privacy Policy 8. Hind and English should be taught after the junior basic stage of education on the condition that no two languages should be introduced in the same year. 4. The commission realized that religious and moral instruction plays an important part in the promotion of character. TOS 7. For improving the standard of teaching the Commission has suggested that the Central Government should appoint a Committee of Experts which should make research for finding out ways and means for improving the teaching methods. The medium of instruction at the secondary stage should be either the mother tongue or the regional language. Dipty Subba 1, 1 Assistant. For example, the Report gives an exact answer to the language question for the first time. The members of the Commission took an extensive tour of the various parts of India and acquired first-hand knowledge of the various educational problems and presented its report running on August 29, 1953. 8. Guidance and Counseling Facilities Inadequate. The aspects of school education covered are the problems of expansion, curriculum, teaching methods, text-books, guidance, evaluation, administration and supervision. (i) The open spaces available in cities must be conserved and be utilized as playground by groups of schools. Text Books 4. The principal should be empowered to decide, about local holidays and school hours. Teachers should be given pension, provident fund and life insurance benefits in order to give then some economic security. The movement of examination reform that started after the publication of the report does not seem to have the desired impact on objectives, learning experiences and evaluation procedures in school education. It was transplanted in India by British rulers and we had to cling to it for more than a century ‘because it happened to be in tune with the traditional hierarchical structure of our society’. (iii) The emphasis in teaching should shift from verbalism and memorization to learn through purposeful, concrete and realistic situations. 2. (i) The Director of Education should be the officer mainly responsible to advise the minister regarding the spread of education. The commission has observed, “We have to bear in mind the principle that secondary education is a complete unit by itself and not merely a preparatory stage, that at the end of this period, the student should be in a position, if he wishes, to enter on the responsibilities of life and take up some useful vocations. The commission submitted its report in June 1953. Home 12th Education Secondary Education Commission 1952 - 53, MCQ class 12th Education. (i) A properly organised medical service should be available in all states. The aims and objectives of Teaching Science at different stages have been summarized in the proceedings of the All India Seminar on the Teaching of Science in Secondary Schools, published by Ministry of Education in 1956. (iv) Proper nutritional standards should be maintained in the hostels and residential schools. (i) The education of character should be envisaged as the responsibility of all teachers. According to Kothari Commission (1964- 66), the science education is in bad shape and it becomes worse if we fail to reckon with the exclusion of knowledge to meet his immediate feet the recommended upgrading School curricula by research in curriculum development the division of the textbook and teaching-learning material. The superannuation age should he 60 for physically fit and competent teachers with the approval of the Director of Education. The Secondary Education Commission (1952-53) devoted a whole chapter to surveying the limitations of the present examination system and suggesting ways of improvement. 10. Subscribe or Download. There should be a well equipped reading room in each school where the students should get newspapers, periodicals, magazines and other literatures of general knowledge. The summer vacation should be for two months. 5. A reasonable number of books conforming to the standards laid down should be recommended. The children of teacher should be given free education throughout the school stage. A.I. The school education does not inculcate in the student the habit of thinking and clear expression. The recommendations are: 1. VII. Education for Leadership. Management and Administration of Secondary Schools. It Teachers and their dependents should be given free medical service. But it recommended for the study of Home Science in all girls’ schools. Ochieng 9. S.J. The commission recommended for abolition of intermediate classes. The centre should assume certain amount of direct responsibility for the contemplate reorganization of secondary education and give financial aid for the purpose. 3. During this time, organization of these public schools should be in consonance with the general pattern of education. Discipline 6. Industrial education should be levied for the development of vocational and technical education. The last part of the Report deals with the problems of implementation, namely, educational planning and administration and educational finance. Individual differences in needs, interests, aptitudes and mental abilities are ignored and all have to pass through the same strait jackets. 15. Methods of Teaching 5. All these colleges should provide adequate residential facilities to cultivate community life and foster self-reliance. There should be proper desks and chairs in the schools. It should be determined for meeting the social aspirations. Each school should have a big hall where all the students may assemble for some group programme. Graduate teacher training institutions should be recognized by and affiliated to the universities which should grant degrees, while the secondary grade training institutions should be under the control of a separate Board appointed for the purpose. State Govt. The normal period of probation for a trained teacher should be one year. Democratic Values and Democratic Approach in Teaching: A Perspective. (x) Co-curricular activities should form an integral part of education. 1. The emphasis on book learning is so great that all students are supposed to be equally interested in studies. The Commission has given the following suggestions in this respect: 1. It trains the intellect and leaves other aspects of personality undeveloped. Technical Applied Mathematics and Geometrical Drawing, Applied Science, Elements of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering). (iii) The optimum number of boys to be admitted to any class should be 30 and the maximum should not in any case exceed 40; the optimum number in the whole school should be 500 while the maximum should not exceed 750. 6. The teaching methods are defective. School buildings should be away from the hubbub and noise of cities. A national system of education is one which is established firmly on the basic values and traditions which a nation normally clings to. REPORT OF THE COMMISSION Now we shall discuss about the report of the Secondary Education Commission, 1952-53. TOS4. Primary Level. 14. 3. A member of the Public Service Commission. In the opinion of the Commission the following persons will constitute the High Power Committee for selection of text-books: 2. How can social justice be achieved in the field of education? 4. Guidance and Counselling  8. Teachers possessing same qualifications and performing same work should be treated alike as far as salary is concerned. (iii) There should be coordinating committee consisting of the departmental heads concerned to consider methods of improvement and expansion in the fields of education. For this purpose, the principle “Activity Method” and “Project Method” should be followed in practice. (iv) Methods of learning should enable the children to apply practically the knowledge gained in the classroom to various problems confronting them. These teachers should be given two years training. Examinations are passed. 1. The curriculum should be recognized according to the interests of the students. Secondary education should develop the quality of leadership in students. At the high school a higher secondary stage, the student must be taught at least two languages, one of which being the mother tongue or the regional language. X. (iii) In addition to direct recruitment, inspectors should also be drawn from: (c) Duly qualified staff of training colleges who may be allowed to work as such for a period of three to five years. The period of training may be increased to a minimum of 180 days by eliminating the number of unnecessary holidays. To bring all round development among the learner. In fact the character of the nation is reflected by the character of its citizens. Home science should be made compulsory for girls and other subjects should be common for both boys and girls. The Government should provide these facilities. Man is a social animal. For this the Commission has given the following suggestions: 1. Aims of secondary education according to secondary education commission (1952-53): 1. Facilities for organising such activities in secondary schools are limited. The Centre should give financial aid to States for education. Organisational Pattern of Secondary Education 2. For this stage the Commissionhas suggested seven groups of subjects as below: The Commission has opened that text-books should be selected on the basis of their merits and utility. Report a Violation, Recommendations of Indian Education Commission, Commission to Enquire about Secondary Education, Making Family an Effective Agency of Education. The instruction is bookish. Agricultural (General Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Horticulture and Gardening, Agricultural Chemistry and Botany). 1. It aims only at mental growth and development. (v) Methods of teaching should provide ample opportunities for students to develop clear thinking and clear expression both in speech and writing. The Report that the Commission submitted on June 28, 1966 has been the most comprehensive piece of work on education published so far. This article throws light upon the fifteen major recommendations of secondary education commission (1952-53). Improvement of vocational efficiency. 7. Therefore, it has laid down that the aim of secondary education should be to produce such ideal citizens who imbued with strong national and social feeling are prepared to shoulder their responsibilities and duties and can easily offer any sacrifice for the sake of their nation. ” should be constituted does not inculcate in the curriculum must have assistance a... Differences in needs, interests, aptitudes and mental abilities are ignored and all have to pass through same. 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