# engine oil viscosity calculator

Higher V.I. There are many different types of ways of expressing a fluid’s viscosity. oil film thickness for any rotation speed and any oil clearance is evident from the graphs. This measurement is related to how an oil flows when it is cold, such as at engine start-up. Viscosity is a measure of a lubricating oil’s resistant to flow. In the first module . 135 TECHNOLOGIJOS MOKSLAI. Here at OCLS, we choose to calculate the fluid’s kinematic viscosity using a series of Houillon Viscometers. But the engine and gear oil viscosity overlap. When we know the ISO Viscosity Grade (40℃) and the viscosity index, we can calculate the viscosity at 100℃. by SD | Mar 23, 2011 | Default. After a brief review of the use of engine oil, we will now move on to one of the most important concepts: oil viscosity index. Gear Oil Viscosity Calculator. Most motor oils’ viscosity is rated based on how thick it is at zero degrees Fahrenheit (represented by the number preceding the W, which stands … In order to calculate the resultant viscosity you'd likely need to take into account any number of things. To be meaningful, the viscosity values had to be obtained at the high shear rates associated with operation in specific sections of the engine. There are two numbers that define the viscosity of an oil. But the viscosity of the oil used is crucial. For example, a 5W-30 motor oil performs like a SAE 5 motor oil would perform at the cold temperature specified, but still has the SAE 30 viscosity at 210° F (100° C) which is engine operating temperature. Modules to calculate the Viscosity Index or the oil viscosity at 100°C. 0W-20 0W-40 5W-30 5W-40 10W-30 10W-40 ... SEVERITY CALCULATOR. where U is the oil's kinematic viscosity at 40 °C (104 °F), and L and H are the values of viscosity at 40°C for oils of VI 0 and 100 respectively, having the same viscosity at 100°C as the oil whose VI we are trying to determine. To remove most of the oil from the car, they run the engine to warm it up, increasing the flow of the oil. This winning combination increases the recommended drain interval up to 750 hours! However, the effect becomes more considerable at greater clearance. The test is performed at 100ºC (212ºF) and/or 40ºC (104ºF), depending on the grading system being used. Decreased viscosity of oil with an increase in temperature is a very useful property for auto mechanics who change the oil. Low viscosity engine oils . Viscosity 1. mm 2 /s. Evonik's Oil Additives specialists have developed tools to aid in the calculation of blending efficiency, viscosity index, base oil mixtures, CCS viscosity, and gear oil formulations. The viscosity of the gas saturated oil is found as a function of dead oil viscosity and solution gas-oil ratio (GOR). These include, but are not limited to the: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) American Petroleum Institute (API) Association des Constructeurs Europeens dAutomobiles (ACEA) Read our Understanding engine oil designations factsheet (PDF 221Kb) engine oil viscosity calculator. It can also be thought of as a measure of fluid friction. There are scientific ways to measure viscosity with a viscometer; but, a do-it-yourselfer's kitchen has most of the tools necessary to obtain a simple measurement of a motor oil's viscosity. The viscosity index of an oil is based on its measured viscosity at 100°F (40°C) and 210°F (100°C), which approximate the temperatures present in an engine when it is first turned on, and then after it has warmed up. at °C. Viscosity 2. mm 2 /s. KINEMATIC VISCOSITY, CENTISTOKES TEMPERATURE, DEGREES CELSIUS-20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 OIL VISCOSITY / TEMPERATURE CHART Lines shown indicate oils ISO grade Viscosity Index of 100. So for the oils that have their 40ºC and 100ºC viscosities listed then the 150ºC and 200ºC viscosities are calculated from an online calculator. oils will have a steeper slope. ISO 1500 ISO 1000 ISO 680 ISO 460 ISO 320 ISO 220 ISO 150 ISO 100 ISO … News / Research / Engine oil: Oil viscosity index. Share your story with Science Buddies! Measure the viscosity of used motor oil from your family's car, compared to brand new motor oil. The lower the number the thinner the oil. The table below indicates appropriate engine oil viscosity vs. outside (start up) temperatures. Viscosity Calculator . Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids. Check how the use of combined Plus-50 II premium engine oil and John Deere oil filters can make you save costs. The value at 100ºC is used to determine the SAE viscosity grade. Engine Oil Viscosity is a measurement of the resistance of a fluid being deformed by either shear stress or extensional stress. Given the influence that oil viscosity has on the engine, a technique was developed to calculate the effects of engine oils on fuel efficiency. Take a few minutes to enter your fuel consumption to discover your Performance Rating and how Castrol VECTON with System Pro Technology™ can maximise your drain intervals. In other words, a SAE 30 motor oil is the same viscosity as a 10w-30 or 5W-30 at 210° (100° C). The smaller the variation, the higher the score on the index. Additional Reading. Lubricants behave differently at high and low temperatures. oil viscosity during the engine cycle is useful for description of ring–pack friction and wear. Temperature – Viscosity Relation. GF-6 and Low Viscosity Engine Oil; Valve Train and Timing Chain Wear – Round 2; Lower Viscosity Grades – Round 3; Shell Rotella. This takes less power from your engine, reduces fuel use, lowers exhaust emissions, and improves engine … Calculator for kinematic viscosity extrapolation according to ASTM D341. You can't just use any liquid to lubricate a car engine. Again, different chemistry can be used to “build up” the viscosity of an engine oil, so mixing two from different viscosity ranges is not likely going to deliver the result that you desire. MECHANINĖ INŽINERIJA stems from a trade–off between hydrodynamic and boundary effects – increased viscosity causes an increase in shear losses but a decrease in asperity contact, and vice versa. Calculator for kinematic viscosity extrapolation according to ASTM D341. ENGINE OIL VISCOSITY GRADES previous. But the engine and gear oil viscosity overlap. In simple terms, the word viscosity relates to a fluid’s resistance to flow. The first number followed by the letter W describes the viscosity of oil at low temperatures (the W stands for winter). The second number is defined by how an oil flows when at higher temperatures normal engine operating temperatures. For oils with a viscosity index greater than 100 (ie. There are two numbers that define the viscosity of an oil. Although, it … Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Oil Cost Calculator. * Annual usage in hours. The viscosity of an oil is measured by its resistance to flow. Oil viscosity index explained. ENGINE OIL VISCOSITY GRADES previous. Calculate viscosity at °C. Engine oils sold in Australia are covered by oil classification systems. 3 and 4 summarize all of the dead oil viscosity correlations described in Tables 2 and 3. at °C. Jack Harris. Air Filtration Test; Basic Lubrication Design; Effects of Shearing; Engine Oil Analysis; Functions of Grease; Moly Basics; Motor Oil … Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Engine Oil Viscosity/ Motor Oil Viscosity . A thinner oil at low temperatures is good because it flows more easily and is therefore able to protect the engine when it … The numbers in oil ratings relate to their kinematic viscosity when cold (the number preceding the "W" equates to 0 degrees Celsius) and hot (the number following the W is measured at 100 degrees Celsius). Most later engines are designed to use low viscosity engine oils to reduce internal drag. Result. A higher viscosity implies a slower flow and a thicker fluid. The first number ends with the letter 'W', which stands for Winter. oils will have a flatter slope. If an oil is so heavily contaminated that we suspect that the capillaries with diameters of approx. This provides a starting point. Gas Truck Q & A; Glossary; Select Page. We often have gear boxes where the correct viscosity gear oil is not known either because it is a used box and came without the manual, or it is now being used in a different setup from its original design. Viscosity is simply the resistance of a fluid to flow. While the viscosity of the mixture may result in an engine oil somewhere in the SAE 40 range, where the “W” (winter viscosity) will end up is anyone’s guess. The 30 reflects the viscosity grade of the oil when the engine temperature is at 212 ° F. If you live in a colder environment, a 5W rating oil will be able to start your engine a lot sooner than a 10W rated oil. So if we guess at the average ring temperature as being 200ºC on air cooled engines then we need to calculate for an engine oil viscosity at that temp for comparison of oils for use in air cooled engines. Proven Technology Castrol VECTON with System Pro Technology™ has been proven in the … The second number is defined by how an oil flows when at higher temperatures normal engine operating temperatures. An oil can, in effect, be characterized by its viscosity, its flow resistance or by the thickness of its oil film. Undersaturated oil viscosity is determined as a function of gas saturated oil viscosity and pressure above saturation pressure. Use Equation 1 to calculate the viscosity of the oil at each temperature. Yes, I Did This Project! × Error: Please fill in all fields! Engine oil: Oil viscosity index December 11, 2017 8:00 am. Account Login ... Standard practice for viscosity-temperature charts for liquid petroleum products. Figs. You can't just use any liquid to lubricate a car engine. Please let us know how things went. The viscosity of an oil is measured by its resistance to flow. Does the viscosity of motor oil change after it has been used? When we know the viscosity of an oil at 40°C and 100°C we can calculate its viscosity index. This measurement is related to how an oil flows when it is cold, such as at engine start-up. The Kinematic viscosity test attempts to simulate viscosity at normal operating conditions for a passenger car/light truck. This calculator can be used to determine the right viscosity for the gear box with under the conditions we determine. 0.1 mm are clogged, we use a Nametre Viscoliner 1710 to investigate dynamic viscosity at room temperature and at approx. Lower V.I. Categories Blog. Fig.9 Effect of oil viscosity on minimum oil film thickness at 2000, 4000 and 8000 RPM The positive effect of oil viscosity on min. The inﬂuence of viscosity on ring/liner friction . The “W” in the gear oil viscosity grade is for winter grade, like in engine oil viscosity. endstream endobj 505 0 obj . Viscosity changes for different types of fluids. It is well-known from Hydrodynamic Lubrication Theory that viscosity plays a central role in the lubrication regime encountered in the machine element – the higher is the viscosity, the thicker is the oil film that separates the surfaces from touching each other. Although gear oil viscosity is not the same as that of engine oil, it is rated in centistokes. These L and H values can be found in tables in ASTM D2270. 70°C and with the help of the temperature-corrected density we calculate kinematic viscosity at 40°C and 100°C. For instance, an SAE 90 gear lube is comparable in viscosity to an SAE 50 or SAE 40 engine oil. The first number ends with the letter 'W', which stands for Winter. Viscosity of oil /viscosity oil. Input the required information on the left to compare John Deere oil and filter annual costs with the competitor's offerings. The difference is when the viscosity is tested at a much colder temperature. Looking at the chart above if we were to select an SAE 5W30 engine oil we can see that this oil would be required to have a Cranking Viscosity, 6600cP max at -30°C, a Pumping Viscosity of 60,000 cP at -35°C, a Kinematic Viscosity of between 9.3 cSt and 12.5 cSt at 100°C and a High Shear Viscosity of 2.9 cP min at 150°C. The “W” in the gear oil viscosity grade is for winter grade, like in engine oil viscosity. Iso … low viscosity engine oils on the left to compare John Deere oil and filter annual costs with letter... Although, it is rated in centistokes of approx of fluid friction to use low viscosity engine oils sold Australia! 1500 ISO 1000 ISO 680 ISO 460 ISO 320 ISO 220 ISO 150 ISO ISO! Or 5W-30 at 210° ( 100° C ) 104ºF ), depending on the system! 23, 2011 | Default oil, it is rated in centistokes increase in temperature is a very property! Above saturation pressure temperatures ( the W stands for winter grade, like in oil! 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