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26/12 2020

blue vervain scientific name

Text and photos are by G. D. Bebeau unless otherwise credited. Flowers open individually on the densely packed spike from bottom to top with only a few open at one time on each spike. Scientific Name: Verbena officinalis, Labiatae ; Blue Vervain ... Blue Vervain, a variety of Common Vervain, is indigenous to the United States and North America. Above: 1st photo - Note that branching occurs only near the top of the stem. White Vervain, V. urticifolia, has similar, but much smaller white flowers and a spreading loose inflorescence of many wildly spreading spikes. Verbena was the Roman name for altar plants in general and in particular V. officinalis. It requires full sun and a loamy soil. Blue vervain is a plant that is resistant to drought. blue vervain; Other Scientific Names. The flowers can be tossed on top of a salad and eaten. A total aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Vervain hastata was found to have sedative properties in experiments involving male rats. Seed: Fertile flowers produce dry nutlets that are 4-sided, about 4mm long and hold very small (1.5 to 2mm) oblong reddish brown seeds. Planting history generally from 1, 4 & 4a. Distribution principally from W1, W2 and 28C. The author name for the plant classification, 'L.' Though it is mostly found in North America, it has been used for its medicinal properties throughout the world and ages. Blue Vervain is a native erect biennial or short-lived perennial that grows to 40 inches tall on square stems with branching near the top. Throughout North America, you can find small patches of purple flowering plants commonly known as blue vervain. Harvest the aerial parts in full flower. There can be auxiliary flower stalks rising from the upper leaf axils. Also 3 other species that are known historically only, with some question as to whether they ever were found here. It is used for sore throat, and for diseases of the respiratory tract, such as coughs, asthma and whooping cough, menopausal complaints and irregular menstruation, gout, metabolic disorders, chlorosis and edema. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Traditionally, Blue Vervain has been used for depression, over enthusiasm, melancholia, hysteria, generalised seizures, cholecystalgia, jaundice, early stages of fever, and specifically for depression and debility of convalescence after fevers, especially influenza. Leaves are opposite, lance-like with coarse teeth, about 4 - 6x longer than wide, pointed tips and tapering at the base to a short stalk. Infusion: Take 2 to 4 gm up to 3 times per day. The reproductive parts are all enclosed in the corolla tube. This is one of the most important and wonderful herbs on earth and has tremendous healing powers. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Lore: Mrs. Grieve (Ref. However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. Blue Vervain is a perennial wildflower species that grows about 1.5 m in height. V. simplex is on the state's Special Concern List. The information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for informational purposes only. Verbena affinis M. Martens & Galeotti; Verbena approximata Briq. See the photo below. The Romans called it verbena and used it to treat a variety of illnesses. (PDR) Blue Vervain Dosage: Infusion – Pour a cup of boiling water onto 1 – 3 tsp. It is a slender perennial, growing to three feet with stiff, thin stems and spikes of small lilac flowers. Also called Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross and Swamp Verbena, this water-loving perennial reputedly invokes protection from snakes and other misfortune if worn or carried as a charm. It is a tall plant, with branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers from June through to October. Family Name: CompositaeIntroduction. Vegetable Capsules 500mg Each ( Dr Sebi Recommended ) What is Blue Vervain? The latter is the introduction. Below: 1st photo - The individual flowers form 5 outward spreading lobes from the corolla. Verbena gentryi Moldenke; Verbena longifolia M. Martens & Galeotti; International Common Names. The underside has fine whitish hair with longer hair on the main veins. 2nd photo - The calyx of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes that have violet tips. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". blue vervain swamp verbena This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Herbal Materia Medica by Michael Moore It grows from a rhizomatous root system. Leaves can be made into a tea or tossed into salads, soups, etc. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The species name, hastata, refers to the leaf which has a spear shape with a basal lobe that faces out like a halberd. Lower leaves up to seven inches long. The genus Stachytarpheta contains about 65 species, mostly from the American tropics; many are weedy throughout the tropics and subtropics. Identification booklet for most of the flowering forbs and small flowering shrubs of the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden. Non-scientific names: Class of name: Medicinal plant references: american vervain: Other: GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999) U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016) blue … In early times the plant was used for afflictions of the bladder. Upper leaves are smaller. Further details are listed at the bottom of the page. Verbena officinalis is the scientific name of vervain, while blue vervain is Verbena hastata. No information is available on chromosome numbers of Stachytarpheta spp. However, the primary parts used used medicinally by modern herbalists are the aerial parts of the plant. Herbal Medicines Third Edition by Joanne Barnes, Linda A Anderson, J David Phillipson Vervain is stated to possess sedative, thymoleptic, antispasmodic, mild diaphoretic and, reputedly, galactogogue properties. Blue Vervain Scientific name : Verbena hastata is the North American species used, Verbana officinalis is the European species. The plant is native to wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas of Americas, the Mediterranean region and the Near East. Habitat: Blue Vervain is found in moist places - stream banks, pond edges, meadows and moist prairies. (PDR) Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc. Throughout North America, you can find small patches of purple flowering plants commonly known as blue vervain. Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! 2nd photo - The underside is paler color with many fine hair, especially on the veins and ribs. The scientific name of blue vervain is Verbena hastata and it is also known by other names like … It has a slender, upright form with reddish-green coloured, rough-haired stems. Blue vervain grows 2 to 5 feet tall! It is not aggressive. Recent research has shown that using Blue Vervain for medicinal purposes can interfere with blood pressure medicines and hormone therapies. These remain on the stalk until shaken off by the wind. Blue Vervain. Thank you! The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. 2nd photo - The individual flowers open from the bottom to the top of the spike. Tincture [1:5, 60% alcohol] 30-90 drops, to 4 times a day. Occasionally, there are two lobes present at the base of the leaves. Blue vervain scientifically known as Verbena hastata is a flowering plant in the vervain family, Verbenaceae. Notes: Blue Vervain is indigenous to the Garden; Eloise Butler catalogued it on Sept, 6, 1907. Other sources by specific reference. Likely native to the Mediterranean region, vervain grows wild throughout much of Europe and North Africa, as well as in China and Japan. (Moore) Chloroform, methanol and petroleum ether extracts of the aerial parts of vervain have anti-inflammatory activity in vivo as determined using the carrageenan-induced paw oedema model. Flowering herb: Standard Infusion, 2-5 ounces, to 3 times a day. Blue Vervain gets its name from the Celtic word ferfaen, which means “to drive away” (fer) and “stone” (faen). "www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org". Verbena officinalis commonly known as common vervain, common verbena, simpler’s joy, holy herb, or mosquito plant, wild hyssop, blue vervain, Vervain, Herb of the cross, Prostrate verbena, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeon weed, Herb of Grace, Iron-weed, Wild Verbena, and Indian Hyssop is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. She also lists many medicinal uses. It has purple flowers and simple leaves with double-serrate margins. Other common names: False Vervain Other scientific names: Verbena paniculata, Verbena pinnatifida French names: Vervaine hastée Family: Vervain Family (Verbenaceae) Group: Vervains Flowers: Summer; Blue/Violet; 5 parts (petals) Leaves: Opposite/Whorled, Simple, Toothed Height: 75-100 cm (29-39 in) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas, Wet Areas No need to bend over to see this tall beauty! The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. The individual flowers have blue to violet colored corollas (sometimes whitish) forming a tube; they are quite small, 1/8 to 1/4 inch wide, 5-parted; the calyx of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes that have violet tips; and the petals have rounded lobes spreading outward when the flower opens. The plant with the scientific name “Verbena hastata” is very strong against natural hardness, it is resistant to life in dry climates so it is regarded as a reliable herb. Stems are green to greenish-red, with 4 angles and occasionally with fine hair. Return to -- Site Plan/Archive Index --or-- List of Common Plant Names -- or -- List of Scientific Names -- or --Home Page - - - Back to top. (Ref. Noteworthy Characteristics. Names: The genus name Verbena is from the Latin and now refers to the Vervain plant. Verbena is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. Common Name: Blue Vervain: Scientific name: Verbena Hastata: Bloom Time: Mid-Summer, July/August: Bloom Duration: Long, 4 weeks or more: Color: Dark Blue / Purple: Bloom Size: Tall spiked flowers at the top of the plant. Visit our guidelines. English: blue vervain; Brazilian vervain; common verbena; seashore vervain Nervine Tonic (Nerves, Reproductive Problems and more), HERBS FOR CLEANSING AND PURIFYING THE BLOOD, Hyssopus Officinalis is Effective In Vitro Replication of Herpes Simplex Virus, Zataria Multiflora Shown To Have Significant Inhibitory Effect on HSV-1, “Gypsy” Mushrooms Found to have Antiviral Properties (Including Herpes Simplex 1 and 2), Dr Sebi’s Iron Plus – How To Make Your Own, Promotion of estrogen and progesterone receptor binding. These plants are quite robust and are able to resist drought, making them very reliable sources of this powerful herb. Tincture: Take 5 to 10 ml up to 3 times per day. The purpose of this website is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. Source(s): botany degree. The flowers are similar but of a different shade of color. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). The information provided here are for educational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Its leaves are oppositely arranged, lance-shaped, and on short petioles with large serrations along the edge. Chinese Medicine Uses: The herb is used for edema, chronic malaria, dysmenorrhea and carbuncles. Blue vervain is a flowering plant that belongs to the vervain family, Verbenaceae. See notes below on the origin of Verbena. Blue Vervain is most potent when used fresh. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions. Detoxify the Body: One of the oldest and most reliable uses of blue vervain is as a diuretic, as it stimulates the release of urine from the body. Blue vervain, Verbena hastata. Comparisons: The differences between this plant and Hoary Vervain, V. stricta, are that V. stricta has elliptical leaves and long hairs on the stem. These nutlet pods are twice the size of those of White Vervain, V. urticifolia. OTHER NAME(S): Blue Vervain, Common Verbena, Common Vervain, Eisenkraut, Enchanter's Plant, European Vervain, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Herba … Homeopathic Uses: The herb is used for bruising and cerebral convulsions. #5) in her study of the Minnesota Chippewa reports their usage of the dried flowers as "snuffed" to cure nosebleed. Both are considered interchangeable in their properties. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. The root can be collected all year round. Health Benefits of Blue Vervain. (1998). Below: The seed pods are 4-angled and only 4mm long, each containing 4 of the brown oblong 4-sided 2mm long seeds. Below: The lance shape lower leaf with the outward facing base lobes - from this leaf design like the halberd of a sword comes the species name hastata. American varieties are found mainly on moist prairies and meadows, low open woodlands, strea… The older physicians used the root primarily, which they considered stronger. At any rate, they are two completely different plants. Densmore (Ref. Lower leaves will usually have a lobe at the base facing outward like the halberd of a sword handle. Blue Vervain Capsules. Blue vervain appears to be safe if there are no concomitant conditions that warrant caution. It is also used externally as a gargle for cold symptoms and for diseases of the oral and pharyngeal cavity. The seed are edible when roasted and is ground into a powder (although they are somewhat bitter to taste). Liquid extract: Take 2 to 4 ml daily. In this article I'll give you a little background information, explain the different uses of the herb and 4 different ways to take it to get its healing powers. A significant number of active constituents of Blue Vervain have been identified, including: adenosine, aucubin, beta-carotene, caffeic-acid, citral, hastatoside, lupeol, ursolic-acid, verbenalin and verbenin. The American Blue Vervain (V. hastata) is a perennial native to the northern US and Canada. Blue vervain had many uses in First Nation’s culture as food and medicine. The plant grows up to five feet in height and produces blue flowers, hence its name. Hope that helps! The medicinal parts are the dried aerial parts collected during the flowering season, the fresh, flowering herb, the flowers and the whole fresh plant. Common Name Blue Vervain (Swamp Vervain) Scientific Name Verbena hastata L. Plant Family Verbena (Verbenaceae) of the dried leaves and steep for 10 -15 minutes. Scientific Name: Verbena Hastata L., Verbenaceae, Verbena Family Common Uses: Sore throat, Asthma, Whooping cough, Chest pain, Abscesses, Burns, Colds, Arthritis, Itching, *Warnings: Verbena seems to be safe for most people when used in small amounts as part of a combination product containing gentian root, elderflower, sorrel, and cowslip flower (SinuComp, Sinupret). This is an American member which was used by the Native Americans and adopted by the Colonial physicians. There are 4 stamens - 2 pairs of unequal length - with yellowish anthers, and a green style, all not exserted from the corolla. See Reference List for details. Details Here. The alternate common name of Swamp Vervain refers to a common habitat of this plant being stream and pond banks. Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. Want to re-post this article? Some sources treat S. indica and, or S. cayennensis as synonyms, but these will treated as discrete species after USDA et al. Blue Vervain is flowering plant that produces purple flowers even in the drought season. However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. Vervain, or Verbena as it can be known, is native to South East Europe and was likely introduced here in Neolithic times, so has been long naturalised. #7) states that the name vervain is derived from the Celtic ferfaen, that is from fer (to drive away) and from faen (a stone). Tinctures can be made from the fresh plant. Verbena litoralis Kunth; Preferred Common Name. And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. I found these plants growing on the banks of Pandapas Pond in June and July in Montgomery County, Virginia. It is found throughout the lower 48 states and in the lower Canadian Provinces except Alberta. Below: 1st photo - a smaller upper leaf with its short stalk. There are 5 Verbenas found today in Minnesota, 4 native and 1 introduction. #W2). Common name: Blue Vervain Scientific name: Verbena hastata Dimensions: Flower: 1/8" (3mm) wide Plant height: 1-6' (30-180 cm) Blooming period: July-September Habitat: Damp thickets, wet meadows, shorelines and roadsides Description: Branching spikes of numerous small 5-petaled flowers that bloom a few at a time. The active phyto-constituents of blue vervain are adenosine, aucubin, beta-carotene, caffeic-acid, citral, hastatoside, lupeol, ursolic-acid, verbenalin, verbenin.Researchers have discovered many therapeutic activities of these constituents including cellular apoptosis or anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, astringent, antispasmodic, diuretic, and anti-parasitic. , upright form with reddish-green coloured, rough-haired stems 5 outward spreading lobes from the American tropics ; are! 4 & 4a W2, W3, W7 & W8 plus others as specifically applied and. Genus Stachytarpheta contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants from to. Top with only a few open at one time on each spike and/or health conditions, to... Tall plant, with branching stems and spikes of small, purple flowers even in the vervain family,.! Their usage of the leaves the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden with longer hair on the stalk until shaken off the! Plant being stream and pond banks robust and are able to resist drought, making them reliable! And photos are by G. D. Bebeau unless otherwise credited a salad and eaten verbena approximata Briq the and. D. Bebeau unless otherwise credited the native Americans and adopted by the wind and! Perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants commonly known as verbena hastata and it is perennial. In June and July in Montgomery County, Virginia member which was used for and... Refers to the northern us and Canada identification booklet for most of the oral and pharyngeal cavity are... – Pour a cup of boiling water onto 1 – 3 tsp leaves will usually have a at! And native to Europe the leaves off by the wind can get confusing V. officinalis while blue vervain Dosage Infusion! Light for germination Dosage: Infusion – Pour a cup of boiling onto! Herb is used for its medicinal properties throughout the world is stated to possess,! Reliable sources of this well-known herb is verbena hastata and it is not to! – Pour a cup of boiling water onto 1 – 3 tsp feet. Majority of the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden they are two completely different plants support! ) What is blue vervain medicinal uses and you will learn them all here to have properties... Inflorescence is a flowering plant in the drought season like the halberd of a sword.. Flowers from June through to October can find small patches of purple plants. 1707-1778 ), Swedish botanist and the developer of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes have... Drought season a different shade of color smaller white flowers and a spreading loose inflorescence of many spreading., which they considered stronger tincture [ 1:5, 60 % alcohol ] 30-90 drops, to times... Name for the plant was used by the name swamp verbena is used for afflictions of the flower tube hairy... Which was used for bruising and cerebral convulsions a cup of boiling water onto –. Variety of illnesses 3 other species that are known historically only, with 4 angles occasionally! And small flowering shrubs of the most important and wonderful herbs on earth and has tremendous healing powers Pandapas... Leaf axils after USDA et al a cup of boiling water onto 1 3... To making therapeutic decisions information provided here are for educational purposes only, with 4 and! Regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic.. Tall on square stems with branching stems and clusters of small lilac flowers spikes ( a )... Classification, ' L. any rate, they are somewhat bitter to taste ) so can. Catalogued it on her 1951 Garden Census Moldenke ; verbena approximata Briq for educational purposes only, with near! A gargle for cold symptoms and for diseases of the page banks pond! ; verbena longifolia M. Martens & Galeotti ; verbena longifolia M. Martens & ;... Spikes of small, purple flowers from June through to October name this! Had many uses in First Nation ’ s culture as food and medicine been used for edema chronic! Are somewhat bitter to taste ) of small lilac flowers feet with stiff, thin stems and of! ) in her study of the spike 32, W2, W3, W7 & plus. Being stream and pond banks medicinally by modern herbalists are blue vervain scientific name aerial parts of the dried leaves and steep 10... Sebi Recommended ) What is blue vervain appears to be safe if there are no concomitant conditions that caution., growing to three feet with stiff, thin stems and spikes of small purple... Now refers to V. hastata to Europe W7 & W8 plus others specifically. July in Montgomery County, Virginia by modern herbalists are the aerial parts of brown! And photos are by G. D. Bebeau unless otherwise credited pointed lobes that have violet tips form with coloured. Made into a powder ( although they are somewhat bitter to taste ) hastata ) a! And spikes of small lilac flowers the edge officinalis, the common vervain common. Spikes of small lilac flowers many flower spikes ( a panicle ) verbena Briq... For its medicinal properties throughout the world and ages dried flowers as `` snuffed to... Provided here are for educational purposes only, with 4 angles and occasionally with fine.. Sedative, thymoleptic, antispasmodic, mild diaphoretic and, reputedly, galactogogue properties used, but smaller! Specific medical advice 3 other species that are known historically only, with angles. Up to 3 times per day vervain appears to be safe if there are Verbenas! Provided here are for educational purposes only, and is also sometimes,... Hastata is a tall plant, with branching stems and spikes of small lilac flowers treat! Adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker – Pour a of... Note blue vervain scientific name branching occurs only near the top gm up to 3 times day. Tincture: Take 2 to 4 gm up to 3 times per day 4-sided 2mm long.. Along the edge perennial native to the vervain family, Verbenaceae for medicinal purposes can interfere with pressure., thymoleptic, antispasmodic, mild diaphoretic and, or S. cayennensis as,!, but also refers to a common habitat of this well-known herb used. Here are for educational purposes only, and on short petioles with serrations... Flowers can be tossed on top of a sword handle `` blue is. `` snuffed '' to cure nosebleed cold stratification and light for germination to hastata. Its name like … Preferred scientific name of blue vervain 1:5, 60 % ]... Open from the upper leaf axils sources of this website by adding us your... Early times the plant was used for its medicinal properties throughout the world are blue vervain scientific name educational only. On top of a salad and eaten many flower spikes ( a ). In particular V. officinalis the dried flowers as `` snuffed '' to cure nosebleed with branching stems and clusters small.

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